Symptoms of Atherosclerosis, How to Deal with Them

March 3rd, 2010 | Under: Articles,Heart Diseases »

Atherosclerosis represents a condition when the blood vessels narrow because of constant cholesterol and fats deposits. The deposition provokes blood vessels thickening, and because of this the vessel lumen, where blood flows from, reduces gradually in size.

The condition affects arteries, and is generally followed by a chronic inflammatory reaction. Then it leads to macrophages accumulation at the deposition sites. The macrophages are white cells of blood. They usually try to eliminate fatty depositions and this result in arteries hardening . In this condition, because of elasticity loss in the walls of the arteries, together with deposit of fatty molecules, the blood amount reaching the body organs lowers immensely. This can lead to different diseases or health complications.

Atherosclerosis is a disease infamous for being a so to say silent killer. The symptoms in this disorder don’t appear until it provokes a severe ischemia, that some systemic signs are noticed which greatly affect normal functions of the organ.

Coronary Atherosclerosis Symptoms

The common symptom of coronary atherosclerosis is chest tightness and really serious pains, known as well as angina. The pain mimics a heart attack. If the disorder is untreated, it can result in a myocardial infarction because of reduced flow of the blood to heart muscles, provoking a heart attack. In case the disorder is chronic, the heart always gets lowered blood amount, and in order to compensate, it starts malfunctioning in the trials to cope with reduced blood supply. This results in ischemic cardiomyopathy.

Symptoms of carotid atherosclerosis

In case atherosclerosis is in the brain arteries, or in the arteries carrying blood to the brain, then the consequences may be fatal. The most common signs in people with carotid atherosclerosis resemble the ones in a stroke. The stroke signs are throbbing headaches, mental clouding, dizziness, incapability to move limbs. Sometimes symptoms may affect only one body side. There might be sudden numbness in the limbs and weakness in one body side. An individual can have problems seeing with 1 eye.

Symptoms of peripheral atherosclerosis

If atherosclerosis affects the arteries supplying blood to the extremities, this results in peripheral artery disorder. Certain symptoms of transient ischemic attacks are typical for the disease. They include claudication, sores on the arms and legs that don’t heal fast, color changes in the limb, reduced nail and hair growth on the limbs affected. It can be transient, or it can become very serious and the arm might become blue and even have gangrenous changes.

In some cases there may be escalation of the symptoms, then the treatment should be urgent. In order to keep the signs and disorders at bay, we recommend you to stick to a healthy diet low in cholesterol and fats, together with a healthy style of life combined with regular physical exercises.

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