Causes, Symptoms And Treatment Of Hypertensive Heart Disease

March 2nd, 2010 | Under: Articles,Heart Diseases »

In fact hypertensive heart disease is most common death cause. Hypertensive heart disease represents a complication developed because of hypertension. Seven out of 1000 individuals experience the signs of hypertensive heart disorder.

Causes of Hypertensive Heart Disease

Hypertensive heart disease results from overexertion produced on the heart because of high BP. It is now the leading cause of strokes and heart attacks. Hypertension is elevated pressure in the blood vessels. High pressure in blood vessels can cause the heart to act harder to pump the blood in the arteries. Hypertension may result in heart muscles thickening. If the heart overexerts for pumping against elevated BP, the left ventricle enlarges and reduces blood amount the heart pumps. If high BP is untreated it can lead to a range of heart problems. Thickened heart muscles aggravate atherosclerosis signs. The signs are high cholesterol deposits in blood vessels. Excessive alcohol intake and smoking are risk conditions to develop hypertensive heart disorder.

Hypertensive heart disease symptoms depend on the complication you have developed. Hypertensive heart disease is known to cause congestive heart failure, ischemic heart disease, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. In ischemic heart disease the symptoms are nausea, chest pain, difficulty breathing, dizziness and sweating. In congestive heart failure the signs include irregular or fast pulse, weakness, fatigue, shortness of breath, swelling of ankle and feet, bloody mucus cough, palpitations, etc. And hypertropic cardiomyopathy is characterized by light-headedness, chest pain, fainting caused by some physical activity.


There are different complications which may develop, and the treatment for every complication is in fact different. A treatment for hypertensive heart disorder should be aimed at reducing high BP and thus alleviating the signs of a heart disease. Drugs are prescribed for the patients, which can assist in controlling the BP. The medicines are ACE inhibitors, diuretics and beta blockers.

A patient with hypertensive heart disease should checks the blood pressure on a regular basis. Lifestyle changes are needed as well. You should take the drugs regularly. A certain diet should be followed to normalize high blood pressure. It is advised to avoid salt and fatty food consumption. Overweight people ought to reduce the weight so that to avoid any complications. Physical exercises are helpful in mitigating the symptoms.

All in all hypertensive heart disorder is a very severe heart problem. The diseases can result in a number of complications, including arrhythmias, heart failure, angina and even death. But still people diagnosed with hypertensive heart disease may lead a healthy life if they take proper medicines, change their lifestyle and take necessary precaution measures.

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